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Common Diabetes Questions with Answers
Type 2 Diabetes Questions with Answers
This list of questions and answers should help those less informed that are looking for answers. Included in this Type 2 Diabetes Questions with Answers are links to additional detailed information. If you need more information, at the bottom of the page is a place to leave questions; I will do my best to help find you an answer.
What are Symptoms of Type 2 Diabetes?
According to most official diabetes research organizations, hospitals, and government organizations, symptoms of type 2 diabetes consist of any combination of the following. Keep in mind that different people may experience any or all of these symptoms in varying degrees at different times. See my article on Symptoms and Signs of Diabetes for more information.
- Sudden fatigue (watch for sleepiness after meals or sugary snacks)
- Frequent Urination (an urgent need to urinate is also mentioned)
- Increased thirst or dry mouth and skin
- Blurred Vision
- Wounds that heal slowly
- Skin infections
There may be other symptoms depending on your health, age, and various other factors, but those listed above comprise the most common. Children also may have additional symptoms and may experience more nausea than adults.
Is Type 2 Diabetes a Genetic Disease?
There are certain genetic markers believed to give you a predisposition to diabetes mellitus. The most common cause of type 2 though, is obesity and a sedentary lifestyle, so markers aren’t destiny. It is fairly common for someone recently diagnosed with type 2 diabetes to have a parent or sibling that is already diabetic. I maintain that close family members probably share a similar life style and dietary habits. The bottom line on this question is type 2 diabetes is not normally caused by genetics alone. Even if you have the genetic markers you don’t need to get type 2 diabetes, especially if you learn about prevention. I originally had 10 questions, but I was told that no Diabetes Questions with Answers list could be complete without this question.
Who can get Type 2 Diabetes, and How?
Type 2 diabetes is not a selective condition or disease. There are some races of people that are more susceptible just based on a racial genetic predisposition. Africans, Native Americans, Asians, and Hispanics are at a greater risk. However, almost anybody can become diabetic under the right conditions. Obesity and diabetes have both reached epidemic proportions around the world and there is a direct correlation. The number one cause of insulin resistance, or diabetes is obesity, and many favorite foods contain preservatives that cause us to gain weight. Read Foods to Avoid for Type 2 Diabetes to learn more about prevention measures.
How is Type 2 Diagnosed?
A typical or normal diagnosis comes from your doctor, as a result of examining your for some ailment. Your doctor will usually order a urine test first, since results can be obtained within minutes. If your urine has high sugar in it, it means that your liver is flushing excess sugar from your blood. An accurate sign you may be diabetic, because this happens when your blood sugar is too high. The Glycosylated hemoglobin (commonly called HBA1c or A1c) test is ordered next. The A1c test examines your blood sugar levels over a period of the last 90 days and returns an average score. If your A1c score is too high, you are diagnosed as prediabetic or diabetic, depending on how high it is. You may be prescribed various drugs by your doctor, and may be prescribed attendance in education classes.
What is the Target Blood Sugar Level?
Officials differ slightly from the U.S. to the Europe, and other countries usually follow one or the other. First, you should get your blood sugar reading using a glucometer, and you’re most recent A1c score from your doctor. When targeting blood sugar levels, there are generally two main targets. The first is after fasting, which means after at least 8 hours of not eating. The second is about 2 hours after a regular meal, what I think of as a peak measurement.
A person without diabetes has a fasting blood sugar level between 79 and 99 mg/dl (3.9 mmol/L). A peak blood sugar would be less than 140 (7.8 mmol/L). A good A1c score for someone without diabetes is less than 5.7. Any blood sugar numbers above these indicate a prediabetic or diabetic condition. You should make these your target blood sugar levels.
How often do I have to check my Blood Sugar level?
When you are first diagnosed, your doctor needs to understand how your body is producing and using insulin. He or she will probably ask you to measure your blood sugar more often and at specific times. The best advice I can give on this question is to ask your doctor to be sure.
Think about the reasons to check your blood sugar, and the frequency may become clear to you. Most glucose meters will help you track your level over time, so you can learn from it. At some point later, you will learn how often is sufficient for you to control your blood sugar level. If you are fairly consistent in control, that might not be every day. If you aren’t consistent you may want to measure more often.
What is the best treatment for type-2 diabetes mellitus?
I believe we need to consider the goal of “the best treatment” to effectively answer this question. I contend the best treatment, means that it carries the lofty goal of an eventual cure. Therefore, all diabetes drugs produced for the last several decades cannot claim to be safe diabetes treatments. Every one of them have been developed to help control blood sugar only, and the issue is that High Blood Sugar does not equal Diabetes. High blood sugar is indeed a dangerous symptom of the type 2 diabetes condition. The best treatment should be addressing the root cause, which is insulin resistance.
I’m not suggesting that all blood sugar controlling drugs are bad, but they do not address the root cause. For that, we unfortunately cannot look to the medical community for the best treatment. From the hours and hours of research I have conducted, I have only found one thing to cure type 2 diabetes. The only cure from the medical community that I have found is pancreas transplant surgery. Think of the possibility of a dead organ donor, and the pain of recovery. Also read my Type 2 Diabetes Facts page for more information.
The best treatment for type 2 diabetes comes from nature, check out some proven ways on my testimonials page. You will need a bit of self-discipline, and a decent knowledge of nutrition, and maybe a cheerleader or support team.
What can I do to Help Control my Blood Sugar?
So your blood sugar is too high, and you want to help try to control it, other than taking drugs. First I congratulate you on your motivation that is well-placed, and for asking. There are many articles on this site that can offer guidance on this topic. There is a lot you can do to help, and I want you to have all the help you can find. Please feel free to read all the articles on this site to find the many answers there. In general though you can help by eating right, exercising, drinking lots of water, and by avoiding foods you shouldn’t eat.
What is the Difference – Hyperglycemia and Hypoglycemia?
A excellent question, and a good one to add to any Diabetes Questions with Answers listing. Looking at the difference between hyper and hypo we see a similar difference in high and low. So Hyperglycemia is high blood sugar, which is the usual way that someone is considered diabetic. All the symptoms listed in Symptoms and Signs of Diabetes may come into play, and you face the possibility of a coma. Hypoglycemia is worse because your ability to think clearly is directly impacted, and you become disoriented. You can also slip into a coma which can lead to death.
Can Type 2 Diabetes be Cured or Reversed?
The short answer to this question is “Yes”. You might encounter three different terms when looking for the answer to this question. It is appropriate to address each term; cure, reverse, and remission. The easiest to explain are remission and reverse, since their meaning has been interchanged. They mean you still have diabetes, but are controlling your blood sugar, generally without medication. Many articles on this site contribute to this answer, feel free to look around.
Some still believe type 2 diabetes is an incurable disease, and that you can never get rid of it. So to put things into perspective, if I say I have been cured, they would argue I only reversed. From a type 2 diabetes point of view, reverse and cure mean different things. But using the dictionary definitions of reverse and cure, it is difficult to discern a difference. For those who view diabetes as a permanent condition, reverse is the correct term to use. Those like me who have been diabetes free for well over a year may consider cure to be a more accurate term.
How do you cure diabetes naturally without medication?
Each person is unique, and you may not be able to cure diabetes without medication. Special Note; there is no medicine that can cure your diabetes for you today. Part of this answer must include some variables, which I will explain.
- How long you have had type 2 diabetes; over time, your internal organs are damaged by high blood sugar. For example, your pancreas can quit working due to being overworked for too long. There are numerous other complications, whose risk increases the longer you have diabetes.
- How well you have controlled your blood sugar levels is another aspect you need to be aware of. Coupled with how long you have had diabetes, you may not be able to cure your case.
- For many type 2 diabetics, the initial diagnosis comes with some pretty high blood sugar numbers. Therefore, it is critical to reduce blood sugar rapidly, which the current drugs are designed to do. Blood sugar control is very important while curing your case of type 2. This might be the exception to the “without medication” part of the question.
With these caveats in mind, there is hope, start today at Diabetes Free by Nature.
Please tell me if I need to expand this Diabetes Questions with Answers list and include additional questions by leaving a comment or question.